- Producer: In charge of hiring everyone from actors to the director. They also have the final word on the way the film will look.
- Director: The main visionary for the project. They use the script to help envision a feeling and mood.
- First Assistant Director: The 1 A.D. runs the set. Making sure actors are in place; cameras are rolling and let the director know when everyone is ready.
- Second Assistant Director: The 2 A.D. makes the call sheets for each day for the production schedule and makes sure those actors who are not on set are getting through make-up and wardrobe. Also they sometimes make the lunch order or call the pizza place.
- Script Supervisor: This title is also known as the continuity person, their job is to make sure everything matches up take after take, they take notes on everything from actor placement to prop movement. (It’s pretty tedious)
- Director of Photography: The DP is in charge of both camera and lighting department, and is in charge of creating the “mood” of the film through use of light. The DP works closely with the director.
- Camera Operator: The camera operator frames the shot and worries about composition. It takes years to reach this rank if you decided to go the union route.
- First Assistant Camera: The First AC is in charge of holding the camera for the cameraman while not rolling. The First AC will start rolling and stop rolling the camera and will focus pull and set the iris for the camera operator
- Second Assistant Camera: The Second AC runs the shot logs, runs the slate, changes batteries and memory cards. Also they will occasionally dump footage for the production.
- Key Grip: Is the chief grip on a set, and is the head of the set operations. The key grip works with the director of photography to help set up and achieve correct lighting and blocking.
- Dolly Grip: In charge of moving the camera while on a dolly track or a camera crane. Helping to create those seamless movement shots.
- Grip: Are in charge of moving items on set. Light stands, flags and rigging gear, grips also hold flags off camera to help cut light in a scene and “fly” in diffusion.
- Gaffer: The Gaffer is in charge of all the juicer/electricians. This person works closely with the DP to know what light should go where. They also instruct their team on where equipment should be placed to achieve the final product.
- Juicer/Electrician: They set up the lights for the scene, run cables, raggle (wrap) cables up afterwards.
- Production Sound Recordist: They are the head of the sound department and make sure that the sound is being recorded and it is usable.
- Boom operator: One of the more physically demanding jobs on set. You’re required to hold a boom pole as steady as possible for the whole take due to the fact that your recording the audio to be later used and clean audio is necessary.
- Make up Artist: make up is extremely important on any film set and should not be over looked. A good make up artist can help make your production shine. (Note: any big budget film use make up on every actor / actress)
- Wardrobe: In charge of making sure that all actors and extras is wearing their correct costume and that it is stain free and clean (if applicable).
- Production Assistant: This is the beginning job for those interested in joining the world of film/TV. You do everything from fetching coffee to help taking down lights. It’s the most grueling and rewarding job for those interested and needing to build those networking relationships.
Post Production Team:
- Editor: Cuts the film together and works closely with the director to make sure that the vision comes to life.
- Assistant Editor: Takes all the notes complied from camera department, the script supervisor and uses it to create the project file. They mark and label all the good takes, and processed to put them either in folders or on the timeline for the editor.
- Visual Effects Team: The visual effects team is becoming more and more depended upon, as more films require and demand visual effects for various reasons the need for said teams goes up. Note not one person does all the visual effects for one film. Each person has their set job and only does a small portion of the bigger picture. The different aspects of a visual effects team will involve it’s own future post (hopefully).
- Colorist: Plays with pretty colors all day. These people have a keen eye and grade the films beyond belief pushing the boundaries. All big films these days are heavily colored but because the whole film is colored in said style your eyes don’t notice the difference.
- Composer: Is in charge of creating the musical score for a film, to help the audience feel for the characters or create the mood within the film. A good composer will make you feel many things without you even noticing.
- Sound Designer: The job of a sound designer is to make sure that the audio is perfect for the film. To make sure that dialogue is synced up, sound effects are proper. It’s like painting a picture but with your ears not eyes.
About the Author:
Michael is a freelance videographer / VFX artist. He studied Broadcast Television in College and spends most of his time reading film books or watching Visual Effect tutorials. Watch some of his work here: http://vimeo.com/user3601406